Child poverty

The use of child-focused indicators to reflect on social policy in South Africa: A national child poverty monitor
It is important to build an understanding of the dynamics of child poverty, in order to inform policy and programme responses that are appropriately conceptualized and well targeted. This paper highlights the need for attention to child poverty specifically, and presents a case for mainstream policy that takes children into account.

Principal researcher: Katharine Hall (University Of Cape Town, Children’s Institute)
Katharine Hall is a senior researcher at the Children’s Institute, University of Cape Town. Her work focuses mainly on child poverty and social policy, with a particular focus on the targeting of social security and other poverty alleviation programmes for children. She coordinates the Institute’s Children Count data project, which entails analysing official national household survey data to provide child-centred statistics on a variety of indicators related to child poverty and well-being. She has an M.Soc.Sci from UCT and is embarking on a PhD which investigates child mobility and care arrangements in the context of adult labour migration and urbanisation.

Inequities in under-five child nutritional status in South Africa: What progress has been made?
Despite the emphasis given to poverty reduction in policy statements, which has been matched by a substantial increase in social spending, headcount measures of money-metric poverty have shown little improvement since South Africa completed its transition to democracy in 2004. Instead the number of people below a national poverty line has increased, while levels of inequality were higher in 2008 than at any time before. This study assesses and quantifies the magnitude of inequalities in under-five child malnutrition ascribable to economic status.

Principal researcher: Professor Julian May (University of KwaZulu-Natal, School of Development Studies)
Julian May is a professor in the School of Development Studies at the University of KwaZulu-Natal. He has worked on poverty reduction policy options and systems for monitoring the impact of policy, including social security grants and land reform, in South Africa and internationally. He is a research associate at the Brooks World Poverty Institute, the Comparative Research Program on Poverty, the Department of Social Policy at Oxford University and the South African Labour and Development Research Unit (SALDRU) at the University of Cape Town.  He has also served as a visiting professor at the Centre for International Poverty Studies at the University of Bergen and as a visiting researcher at LSHTM. In 2009, he was awarded a South African Research Chair in Applied Poverty Reduction Assessment by the National Research Foundation. He has edited three books, published over 60 papers in books and academic journals, and produced more than 120 working papers, research reports and other publications.

Adapting the South African National Income Dynamics Study for use as a base micro-dataset for SAMOD: A tax-benefit micro-simulation model
This paper presents the main data issues that were confronted when the first wave of the National Income Dynamics Study (NIDS) 2008 was adapted for use as the micro-data underlying a recently developed static tax-benefit micro-simulation model for South Africa (SAMOD). Based on the NIDS micro-dataset, SAMOD simulated plausible figures for eligibility for social assistance and income tax liability.

Principal researchers: Professor Michael Noble and Dr Gemma Wright (University of Oxford)
Michael Noble is professor of social policy at the Oxford Institute of Social Policy at the University of Oxford, Director of the Centre for the Analysis of South African Social Policy, and a Fellow of Green Templeton College. He is an Honorary Research Fellow of the South African Human Sciences Research Council (HSRC), and has honorary professorial positions at the Universities of Rhodes, KwaZulu-Natal and Fort Hare in South Africa. His research interests are in the areas of social policy, poverty and social exclusion and social security policy in the UK and Southern Africa

Gemma Wright is a Senior Research Fellow at the Oxford Institute of Social Policy at the University of Oxford and a Deputy Director of the Centre for the Analysis of South African Social Policy at Oxford. She is a Senior Research Associate at the Department of Sociology and the Institute of Social and Economic Research at Rhodes University, and at Green Templeton College at Oxford.