Social cohesion

From bonds to bridges: Towards a social cohesion barometer for South Africa
The overall objective of this research paper is to present a measurement framework that will enable researchers to measure social cohesion in South Africa. The researchers were challenged to operationalise the concept, and had to rely on literature and expert opinions to construct a conceptual framework, which attempted to incorporate the complexities associated with the concept, whilst simultaneously providing a platform that could be used as a measurement framework. This research paper builds upon a broader project (The South African Social Cohesion Barometer project) (Struwig, et al. 2011) conducted by the Human Sciences Research Council (HSRC).

Principal researcher: Jarè Struwig (Human Sciences Research Council)
Jarè Struwig is a senior research manager in the Democracy, Governance and Service Delivery unit of the Human Sciences Research Council (HSRC). She has a Masters degree in research psychology from the University of Pretoria and has extensive experience in social science research, especially in the areas of media and information communication technologies. She also has a special interest in tourism and development and is currently in the process of enrolling for a PhD in this field. Her interest is mainly in quantitative research, which entails managing large-scale surveys, designing research instruments and analysing data sets. She is the author of 17 HSRC research reports, co-author of 41 research reports and has read three papers at international conferences.

South African municipalities and mobility: Planning for the transient and the indigent
This paper examines how four municipalities, although constitutionally empowered to be a leading force for development, have been wary of addressing migration issues. Their reluctance stems partly from the belief held by many local and national policy-makers that immigration is exclusively a matter of national policy concern. Budgeting and planning exercises have largely excluded expanded population projections and insights into the relationships between mobility, livelihoods and community development – even as people continue to move into, out of, and between cities. This paper highlights the concerns over access to services, physical and economic insecurity and social conflict.

Principal researchers: Jean Pierre Misago and Aurelia Segatti (University of the Witwatersrand, African Centre for Migration and Society)
Jean Pierre Misago is a researcher at the African Centre for Migration and Society at the University of the Witwatersrand. His research explores the effects of displacement on identity and belonging. He is working towards a PhD in migration studies on the local politics of xenophobic violence in South Africa.

Aurelia Segatti is the former research director of the French Institute of South Africa in Johannesburg and a Senior Research Fellow with the African Centre for Migration and Society. Her research interests include public policy, immigration policy analysis, regional policy coherence, xenophobic mobilisations and local governance. She holds a PhD in political science from the Centre of African Studies in Bordeaux, France, and the University of Réunion.

Women, crime and incarceration: Exploring pathways of women in conflict with the law
This study explored the reasons why women come into conflict with the law and end up in prison. The aim of this research project was to highlight the distinctive nature of female criminality, thereby shifting attention from the all-male focus on crime that has characterised most South African criminology studies. The study also aimed to generate new knowledge around women, crime and incarceration and contribute to the formulation of more effective and appropriate correctional policies that take into account the particular context that shapes female criminality and the specific factors that inform women’s experiences of incarceration.

Principal researcher: Dr Lillian Artz (University of Cape Town, Faculty of Health Sciences, Gender, Health & Justice Research Unit)
Prior to establishing the Gender Health & Justice Research Unit in 2004, Dr Lillian Artz spent nine years as a chief researcher and lecturer at the Centre for Criminology (Faculty of Law, University of Cape Town). Dr Artz has published widely on domestic violence, sexual offences, sex work and women’s rights to freedom and security. She has also worked intensively on criminal justice and health care reform in South Africa and other African countries over the past 15 years. Her current project work includes monitoring the implementation of South Africa’s Sexual Offences Act as well as conducting research on women in prisons, domestic homicide, the medico-legal management of domestic violence and sexual offences, and the attrition of domestic violence cases in the criminal justice system. As a British Council Fellow and Wingate Scholar, she completed her doctoral work at the Faculty of Law (Criminology & Criminal Justice) at Queen’s University Belfast, Northern Ireland, where she is also a visiting scholar. She is co-editor of Should we Consent: Rape Law Reform in South Africa.